Browse Items (13779 total)

Olson, Paul A.   Modern Language Quarterly 24 (1963): 227-36.
Argues that the "static portraiture" in MilT establishes "character traits precisely" for the main characters so that the plot may "punish" these traits and convey "comic moral justice." Explores connections between Carpenter John and Oswald the…

Norton-Smith, J.   Medium Aevum 32 (1963): 117-24.
Interprets Form Age as a topical, even occasional, poem, rather than as a translation from Boethius, investigating its manuscript contexts, identifying echoes from Tibellius, Ovid, Jean de Meun, Eustace Deschamps, and Sted, and arguing that the poem…

Nevo, Ruth.   Modern Language Review 58 (1963): 1-9.
Argues that in the GP Chaucer offers an "analysis of social rank in terms of economic behavior," consistently evident in the descriptions where a "pilgrim's characteristic behavior is defined in every case in terms of the acquisition and use of…

Nagarajan, S.   Essays in Criticism 13 (1963): 1-8.
Argues that members of the "School of Christian Interpreters" err when seeing the transcendent ending of TC as implicit throughout the poem, and evaluates the actions of Troilus and Criseyde in terms of courtly love and the operation of Fortune,…

Malarkey, Stoddard.   Speculum 38 (1963): 473-78.
Interprets Pandarus's reference to "corones tweyne" (TC 2.1735) as "a highly complex symbol of the two main pillars of mediaeval law and authority--the spiritual and temporal powers of the church and the state," forbidding Criseyde from killing…

Malarkey, Stoddard.   College English 24 (1963): 289-90, 95.
Argues that the Yeoman attends the Knight rather than the Squire in GP, considering evidence of dress and character, and adducing William Caxton's "The Book of the Ordre of Chyvalry."

Lever, Katherine.   Classical Journal 58 (1963): 356-61.
Surveys the dilemmas experienced by Criseyde, Troilus, Chaucer, and the reader in TC, relating them all to the conflicts between classical beauty and Christian truth.

Lengahan, R. T.   PMLA 78 (1963): 300-07.
Identifies a variety of tones in NPT, identifying interplay among the voice of the "rhetor," a "sermonizing" voice, and the outlook of a "sophisticated fabulist," exploring the "quality of their combination" by observing their relations with…

Kinghorn, A. M.   English Studies 44 (1963): 197-204.
Commends Thomas Warton for his appreciation of Chaucer in his "History of English Poetry from the Twelfth to the Close of the Sixteenth Century" (1774-81), acknowledging that the critic largely ignored Old English, denigrated much Middle English…

Kaske, R. E.   ELH 30 (1963): 175-92.
Reviews D. W. Robertson's "A Preface to Chaucer: Studies in Medieval Perspectives" (1962), providing a brief survey of the "prevailing criticism" that challenges the exegetical, patristic, or historicist criticism that Robertson champions, and…

Jordon, Robert M.   PMLA 78 (1963): 293-99.
Reads MerT as a composite of "various comic attitudes toward lust and marriage," not as the bitter vituperation of an angry narrator, arguing that the latter, conventional view results from seeking to impose "organic unity" on four "strikingly…

Huppé, Bernard F., and D. W. Robertson Jr.   Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1963.
Interprets BD and PF as allegories, offering "An Approach to Medieval Poetry" (pp. 3-31) as an introduction to exegetical or patristic criticism and a justification of the method. Explores the imagery, structures, ironic juxtapositions, and meanings…

Jones, Claude E.   Neuphilologische Mitteilungen 64 (1963): 175-80.
Describes various motifs in MLT, observing that it "includes features common to the early form of the 'märchen' combined with relatively late developments," and claiming that Chaucer's "most important addition to his source," Trivet's "Cronicle," is…

Huseboe, Arthur R.   North Dakota Quarterly 31 (1963): 35-37.
Argues that in Chaucer's three uses of "brotel" and its derivatives in MerT (4. 1279, 2061, and 2241), the poet plays punningly on sexual implications of the term in addition to the primary meaning, "brittle" or "fragile."

Hazelton, Richard.   Journal of English and Germanic Philology 62 (1963): 1-31
Assesses ManT in light of its sources and analogues to reveal a "tissue of comic devices—of controlled incongruities, of hyperbole, of antiphrasis, of equivocations, allusions, and purposeful distortions" that "produce a parodic version of the…

Grennen, Joseph E.   Philological Quarterly 42 (1963): 562-66.
Shows that the phrase "secree of secrees" in CYT 8.1447, cast as a "superlative genitive," suggests a "whole class of alchemical expressions identical in form" and thereby "sharply emphasizes Chaucer's ironical denunciation of the oracular…

Gray, Barbara Jo.   Dissertation Abstracts International 23.07 (1963): 2517.
Investigates the "dynamic relationship" between Fortuna and Natura in Chaucer's works, focusing on the depictions in ClT, PhyT, and KnT

Garbáty, Thomas J.   Medical History 7 (1963): 348-58.
Adduces medieval and modern medicine to argue that the Summoner's disease described in GP 1.623-66 can best be diagnosed as "a rosacea-like secondary syphiloderm with meningeal neurosyphilitic involvement, with chronic alcoholism playing an important…

Farrell, William J.   Texas Studies in Literature and Language 5 (1963): 64-78.
Treats Chaucer's use of rhetorical lists or catalogs as an indication of his growth as a poet, from BD and its use of lists as "pure amplification" to PF where listing is "occasionally but not always subjected to the artistic needs of the entire…

Dunleavy, Gareth W.   Transactions of the Wisconsin Academy of Sciences, Arts, and Letters 52 (1963): 177-87.
Identifies references in Chaucer's works to "natural law," or "law of kynde," describing its status in medieval legal theory and philosophy, including Boethius, and exploring Chaucer's possible experiences with the practices of "law merchant" and…

Donaldson, E. Talbot.   Brown, Arthur, and Peter Foote, eds. Early English and Norse Studies: Presented to High Smith in Honour of His Sixtieth Birthday (London: Methuen, 1963), pp. 26-45.
Explores the "literary value" of Chaucer's "pretended inferiority complex on the subject of poetry," commenting on the "modesty convention" (or humility topos) in the GP description of the Prioress, the moralization of NPT, the question of Providence…

Davies, R. T., ed.   London: Faber and Faber, 1963.
[Evanston, Illinois]: Northwestern University Press, 1964.
Anthologizes 187 English lyric poems and lyrical excerpts from the twelfth through the sixteenth centuries, arranged in chronological order, with an Introduction (pp. 13-49), on-page glosses, end-of-text notes, an appendix of Types and Titles of the…

d'Ardenne, S. R. T. O.   English Studies 44 (1963): 12-19.
Reads George Meredith's novel "The Tragic Comedians" as "a modern version" of TC, an "adaptation of Princess Helen von Racowitza's 'Autobiography,' overshadowed by Chaucer's great work," particularly influenced by his characterization of Criseyde.

Crampton, Georgia Ronan.   Journal of English and Germanic Philology 62 (1963): 486-500.
Assesses the transitions in BD as devices Chaucer uses to "direct the reader toward the hard statements [the poem] makes about deprivation, consolation, the hazards of fortune and the consequences of decision." Divisions in the conversation between…

Costello, Mary Angelica, R. S. M.   Dissertation Abstracts International 23.09 (1963): 3352.
Compares TC with Boccaccio's "Filostrato," and explores Chaucer's "controlled use of the gods and the Christian God" as they "function ambiguously and symbolically" in contributing to the "ultimate meaning of the poem."
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