Browse Items (13779 total)

Cline, Ruth H.   Huntington Library Quarterly 26 (1963): 131-45.
Clarifies references to St. Neot, St. Frideswide, and St. Thomas in MilT; provides historical and topographical information about Oseney Abbey and Oxford as setting for the tale; and explores Absolon's habit of not wearing a tonsure, despite the…

Cavalcanti, Leticia Niederauer Tavares.   Dissertation Abstracts International 23.07 (1963): 2522-23.
Summarizes the "antagonistic and contradictory views on women" held by the medieval Church, and explores Chaucer's views of women by examining his uses of the motifs of sovereignty and obedience in marriage from BD through CT, focusing on three…

Broes, Arthur T.   PMLA 78 (1963): 156-62.
Argues that the "artistic unity" of NPT is evident in "light of the [Nun's] Priest's personality," a man who is dissatisfied with "his position in life as a servant to a group of women." Differences between NPT and its source in the "Renart"…

Boothman, Janet.   Thoth 4 (1963): 3-14.
Compares and contrasts John of MilT with January of MerT as "ridiculous figures" and "gulls of courtly love," the first "senex amans" naïve, the second lascivious. Both men violate "an existing societal order" and the ideals of "sexual propriety and…

Biggins, Dennis.   English Studies 44 (1963): 278.
Comments on the ambiguity of the phrase "a finch eek koude he pulle," a detail in the GP description of the Summoner (CT 1.652).

Biggins, D.   Philological Quarterly 42 (1963): 558-62.
Examines the statement about alliterative verse in ParsP 10.42-46, arguing that the "rum, ram, ruf" sequence has its source in French and helps to constitute a "meaningful . . . and technically adroit comment on alliterative poetry."

Beck, Richard J.   English Studies 44 (1963): 241-53.
Argues that in his "mature work" and in "the service of greater realism," Chaucer used rhetoric "dramatically rather than ornamentally." Then gauges the degree of appropriateness of tales to tellers in light of the percentage of rhetoric in a given…

Bechtel, Robert B.   Susquehanna University Studies 7.2 (1963): 109-18.
Reviews studies of Criseyde's character by G. L. Kittredge, George Mizener, and C. S. Lewis, and argues that she is "the finger pointing in accusation against the code of courtly love." She shows us that "we mortals are fools to think that by our…

Baugh, Albert C., ed.   New York: Appleton-Century Crofts, 1963.
A teaching edition that includes BD, HF, PF, TC, LGWP-F and the legend of Cleopatra, CT (without Mel or ParsT), and eight short lyrics (Ros, Adam, Gent, Truth, Sted, Scog, Buk, and Purse), with bottom-of-page notes and glosses, and a glossarial…

Adams, John F.   Modern Language Quarterly 24 (1963): 61-65.
Observes a variety of astrological and sexual puns, allusions, and emphases in Troilus's address to Criseyde's house ("paraclausithyron"), distancing the reader from Troilus's grief and emphasizing sensual love.

Hoffman, Richard L.   R. M. Lumiansky and Herschel Baker, eds. Critical Approaches to Six Major English Works: "Beowulf" through "Paradise Lost" (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1968). pp. 41-80.
Describes scholarly accomplishments and critical trends in Chaucer studies between 1940 and 1968—editions, source-and-analogue studies, and psychological, theological, and philosophical approaches. Explores the concept of the doubleness in love (two…

Evans, Ruth.   Jocelyn Wogan-Browne, Nicholas Watson, Andrew Taylor, and Ruth Evans, eds. The Idea of the Vernacular: An Anthology of Middle English Literary Theory, 1280-1520 (University Park : Pennsylvania State University Press; Exeter: University of Exeter Press 1999), pp. 331-52, pp. 371-78.
Assesses the functions of prologues in Middle English literature, commenting on nuances of "prohemye," "prefacyon," ”preamble," etc., and exploring how prefatory works "disorganiz[e] the categories of center and periphery, 'theoria' and 'praxis'."…

Watson, Nicholas.   Jocelyn Wogan-Browne, Nicholas Watson, Andrew Taylor, and Ruth Evans, eds. The Idea of the Vernacular: An Anthology of Middle English Literary Theory, 1280-1520 (University Park : Pennsylvania State University Press; Exeter: University of Exeter Press 1999), pp. 331-52.
Provides a history of vernacular writing in English from ca. 1300-1500, reducing traditional emphasis on the importance of Chaucer and his works by adding complementary emphasis on religious writing--Lollard and anti-Lollard, "Piers Plowman," works…

Hsy, Jonathan.   Marion Turner, ed. A Handbook of Middle English Studies (Chichester: Wiley, 2013), pp. 315-29.
Considers cities as a "mode of thought" for critical analysis, describing a walk-through pedestrian perspective and a from-on-high omniscient perspective in late-medieval English works that include "The Stores of the Cities," "St. Erkenwald," and HF,…

Davis, Isobel.   Marion Turner, ed. A Handbook of Middle English Studies (Chichester: Wiley, 2013), pp. 285-98.
Explores Middle English nuances of a set of related concepts: class, estate, identity, calling, and "clayme," investigating them in light of Pauline distinctions between use and possession and between old and new, discussed by Giorgio Agamben.…

Mills, Robert.   Marion Turner, ed. A Handbook of Middle English Studies (Chichester: Wiley, 2013), pp. 269-83.
Describes sovereignty in CT (particularly ParsT) as "a legitimate means of exercising power, distributed hierarchically but founded on the idea of mutual responsibility and equality in the eyes of God." Explores how, in light of this concept,…

Matthews, David.   Marion Turner, ed. A Handbook of Middle English Studies (Chichester: Wiley, 2013), pp. 253-66.
Considers the value and possible necessity of periodization in history and literary history, focusing on particular difficulties in dealing with the use of "middle" in "Middle Ages" and "Middle English," and arguing that treatments of Chaucer, Gower,…

Prendergast, Thomas A.   Marion Turner, ed. A Handbook of Middle English Studies (Chichester: Wiley, 2013), pp. 239-51.
Summarizes traditional historical arguments for the centrality of Chaucer in the formation of the canon of Middle English literature, identifying "identical aesthetic qualities between Chaucer and the modern" as fundamental to this perspective, and…

Gillespie, Alexandra.   Marion Turner, ed. A Handbook of Middle English Studies (Chichester: Wiley, 2013), pp. 171-85. 1 b&w fig.
Assesses relations between the "idealizing tendencies" of formalist literary studies and the practicalities of studies in book history, reading PF as a "Chaucerian theory of the book" that is similar to the theory of Maurice Blanchot. Explores how a…

Coleman, Joyce.   Marion Turner, ed. A Handbook of Middle English Studies (Chichester: Wiley, 2013), pp. 155-69. 2 b&w figs.
Outlines an "ethnography of reading" and describes "audienceship" as a field of study of "how people actually read (and heard) texts," including examples drawn from Chaucer's fiction and its reception. Closes with a brief survey of reading and…

Gillespie, Vincent.   Marion Turner, ed. A Handbook of Middle English Studies (Chichester: Wiley, 2013), pp. 137-54.
Describes classical and medieval concerns with authorial intention and readerly control, commenting on Dante, the "Roman de la Rose," Hoccleve, and Lydgate in particular, and exploring how and where in HF Chaucer "puts in the spotlight the…

Crane, Susan.   Marion Turner, ed. A Handbook of Middle English Studies (Chichester: Wiley, 2013), pp. 123-34.
Describes "critical animal studies"; then examines human-animal relations in PrT and NPT, arguing that the Prioress's "selective sympathy for certain animals" in her GP description "forecasts her narrow sympathy for certain humans" in her Tale. NPT,…

Lawton, David.   Marion Turner, ed. A Handbook of Middle English Studies (Chichester: Wiley, 2013), pp. 93-107.
Theorizes "public interiorities" in terms of literary voice, Augustinian self-awareness, and Jürgen Habermus's conceptualization of the "public sphere," discussing them as expressions or perceptions of stances or outlooks that are neither universal…

Scala, Elizabeth.   Marion Turner, ed. A Handbook of Middle English Studies (Chichester: Wiley, 2013), pp. 49-62.
Argues that "Desire-as-impasse is the human condition" in KnT, exploring how readers' "reading backward" from the end of the tale—seeking to fulfill the "desire for signification"—parallels the efforts of Arcite and Palamon to articulate their own…

Turner, Marion, ed.   Chichester: Wiley, 2013.
Twenty-six chapters by various authors, with an Introduction by the editor in which she emphasizes diverse theoretical approaches to Middle English studies and observes that Chaucer's texts "foreground the idea that readers construct texts" (3).…
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