Natalie Grimes Lawrence and Jack A. Reynolds, eds. A Chaucerian Puzzle and Other Medieval Essays (Coral Gables, FL: University of Miami Press, 1962), pp. 1-46.
Challenges the theory that ShT was originally intended to be narrated by the Wife of Bath, and suggests a major emendation: moving lines 7.5-19 (which include first-person feminine pronouns) later in the tale and having them spoken by the merchant's…
Steadman, John M.
Mediaeval Studies 24 (1962): 388-91.
Assesses parallels between the "greyn" of PrT 7.662 and the three grains of legend that Seth laid upon the tongue of Adam when the latter was buried; suggests that the ambiguities of Chaucer's presentation indicate his artistic purpose.
Anglia: Zeitschrift für Englische Philologie 80 (1962): 384-89.
Observes that the "ferses twelve" of BD 723, though impossible on a common chess board, was possible on some medieval boards (especially in Germany) of twelve squares by eight squares, with their twelve pawns. Then argues that the phrase has…
McCollum, John I. Jr.
Natalie Grimes Lawrence and Jack A. Reynolds, eds. A Chaucerian Puzzle and Other Medieval Essays (Coral Gables, FL: University of Miami Press, 1962), pp. 71-85.
Summarizes and comments on HF, with particular attention to previous scholarly opinions, unity and structural balance, whether or not the dreamer learns anything, the nature of the man of great authority, and the possibility that the poem is "a…
Explores medieval English marital laws and practices that underlie details of the WBP and her description in GP, particularly her marriages at "chirche dore," her dowers, and the transaction that gave Jankyn control of her lands--before she took it…
Manzalaoui, M. A.
Note and Queries 207 (1962): 85-86.
Corrects F. N. Robinson's claim that F. C. Riedel identified the man of great authority (HF 2158) as John of Gaunt; conjectures that the man may be a "Chaucerian counterpart" to Musaeus in Virgil's "Aeneid"; and observes parallels between HF 1520ff.…
Gnerro. Mark L.
Notes and Queries 207 (1962): 164-65.
Locates the origins of Pandarus's "proverbial expletive" about "haselwodes" (TC 3.890) in the tradition of magical divination by sticks (rhabdomancy), commenting on the "appositeness" of assigning the proverb to the "hard-headed, skeptical Pandarus."
Gaylord, Alan T.
Papers of the Michigan Academy of Sciences, Arts, and Letters 47 (1962): 613-36.
Surveys readings of PrT as a reflection of the Prioress's GP character, and explores the relations of these readings to dramatic approaches to the CT. Argues that there is "devastating satire" of the Prioress in GP and in PrT: the Tale fits the…
Argues that the "organization and success" of MilT depends upon the "dramatic irony" of tensions between its courtly and common, sacred and profane, and realistic and fantastic elements, exploring such tensions in the signifying names of the…
Papers of the Michigan Academy of Science, Arts, and Letters 47 (1962): 595-603.
Identifies patterns that indicate Chaucer's "careful planning" of a sequence of groupings of pilgrims in GP, focusing on audience expectations, points of views, tones, satirical targets, and the traditional three estates.
Pratt, Robert A.
Annuale Mediaevale 3 (1962): 5-27.
Articulates the evidence for an "antifeminist, antimatrimonial" tradition in medieval Oxford and Paris that lies behind the contents of Jankyn's book in WBP, describing the backgrounds, transmission, availability, and collocations of Walter Map's…
Mahoney, John F.
Annuale Mediaevale 3 (1962): 81-99.
Revisits the concept of "Chaucerian tragedy," considering KnT, MLT, and NPPT, as well as TC and MkT, and explores the faults or faultlessness of Fortune's victims in these works, the moral sophistication of the narrators of the tales, classical…
Die Neueren Sprachen: Zeitschrift für Forschung und Unterricht und Kontaktstudium auf dem Fachgebiet der Modernen Fremdsprachen n.v. (1962): 485-96.
Examines the style and techniques of Chaucer's quasi-optical, quasi-cinematic ("quasi-optische," "quasi-filmescher") scene changes in CT, with particular attention to those in MerT. Focuses on relations between external and internal drama in such…
Garbáty, Thomas Jay.
Papers of the Michigan Academy of Science, Arts, and Letters 47 (1962): 605-11.
Reviews evidence in GP that Chaucer's Summoner suffers from venereal disease rather than leprosy, using it as an example of little-known or overlooked scholarship that might be lost or ignored. Cites other examples more briefly, including the record…
Surveys "unreliable" information about Constantine Africanus in scholarly discussions of Chaucer's references to him in GP 1.433 (Doctour of Phisik) and MerT 4.1810-11. Then clarifies Constantinus's importance in the history of medicine, what is and…
Adams, John F.
Essays in Criticism 12 (1962): 126-32.
Identifies ways that word-play, echoic details, and thematic patterning contribute to the "dramatic" irony in SumT whereby the friar's hypocritical glossing is revealed and insulted without overt glossing by the narrator.
Modern Language Review 57 (1962): 173-78.
Argues that several prominent figures in the "Troilus" frontispiece (Cambridge, Corpus Christi College, MS 61) represent John of Gaunt; his second wife, Constance of Castile and Laon; his mistress, Katherine Swynford; his first wife, Blanche of…