Browse Items (14217 total)

Stockton, Eric W.   Tennessee Studies in Literature 6 (1961): 47-59.
Treats PardPT as parts of a structured sermon against gluttony, gambling, swearing, and "'superbia', pride in its most Satanic form." The revelers and the Pardoner himself are guilty of the latter.

Standop, Ewald.   Helmut Viebrock, ed. Festschrift zum 75. Geburtstag von Theodor Spira (Heidelberg: Carl Winter, 1961), pp. 88-97.
Describes several layers of allegorical meaning in NPT, explaining them in an ascending scheme of specific to general, content to form; suggests that Chaucer artfully combines the incommensurable to maintain both jest and earnest.

Singer, Armand E.   West Virginia University Philological Papers 13 (1961): 25-30.
Explores the "[p]ossible influence" of ShT "on the Don Juan theme" in England and in Spain, observing that the former "is likely enough but difficult to prove," while the latter is "very unlikely and virtually unprovable."

Richardson, Janette.   English Miscellany 12 (1961): 9-20.
Argues that Chaucer's use of conventional hunter and prey images in FrT "serves an organic function within the aesthetic whole of the work.” Rather than "functioning as mere decoration" it reinforces and deepens "the comic irony both inherent and…

Renoir, Alain.   Orbis Litterarum 16 (1961): 239-55.
Assesses Criseyde's character in light of Carl Jung's theory of the nature of love as a "result of the incomplete human soul seeking its complement"—the "anima" seeking its "animus." Troilus's failure to act disappoints Criseyde's courtly…

Lüdeke, Henry.   Helmut Viebrock, ed. Festschrift zum 75. Geburtstag von Theodor Spira (Heidelberg: Carl Winter, 1961), pp. 98-99.
Maintains that Chaucer corrected Boccaccio arbitrarily when he claims at MkT 7.2248 that Persians wrote about Zenobia.

Longo, Joseph A.   Modern Language Quarterly 22 (1961): 37-40.
Examines references to times and dates in Book II of TC, arguing that Chaucer creates a double sense of time in order to convey a "rapid sequence of events" among the three main characters while also conveying through a "longer time scheme" the…

Fisher, John H.   South Atlantic Quarterly 60 (1961): 71-79.
Explores Chaucer's stylistic virtuosity in his references to horses and riding, commenting on appropriateness, suggestive naming and coloring, metaphoric and imagistic implications, and comic effects. Includes comments on horses in TC, LGW, and CT.

Dent, Anthony.   History Today 11 (1961): 753-59.
Comments on Chaucer's status as a member of the middle class, and explores his depiction of middle-class society in CT, with attention to how it reflects his contemporary world. Includes four b&w illustrations.

Zesmer, David M.   New York: Barnes & Noble, 1961.
Surveys English literature and critical responses to this literature; designed for classroom use. Summarizes historical backgrounds and provides annotated bibliographies, linked with the discussions of individual works, authors, and topics, including…

Steadman, John M.   Neophilologus 45 (1961): 224-30.
Suggests that the number of participants in Chaucer's CT pilgrimage--"Wel nyne and twenty" (GP 1.24) plus the narrator--can be seen to signify the "active life," consisting "essentially of penitence and good works." Offers evidence that thirty…

Steadman, John M.   Modern Language Notes 76.3 (1961): 196-201.
Explores the mythological tradition which "linked Jupiter with the sands of Libya" as well as "Venus' association with the wilderness of Libya," helping to clarify Chaucer's reference to the "desert of Libye" in HF and his use of Virgil's "Aeneid" as…

Smith, R. B.   CEA Critic 23.4 (1961): 6.
Comments on the "real and alleged obscenity of the farting scene in MilT, focusing on its, narrative technique, humor, and the use of "thonder-dent."

Silverstein, Theodore.   Modern Philology 58 (1961): 153-73.
Characterizes the Wife of Bath through a sustained, appreciative summary of and commentary on WBP and, more extensively, WBT, showing that "Comic exaggeration is her forte, but tempered by delicate play and a fatal aim, the more precise for being…

Schoeck, Richard J., and Jerome Taylor, eds.   Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre Dame Press, 1961.
An anthology of seventeen twentieth-century essays or excerpts by various authors on TC (twelve examples), BD, HF, PF, courtly love, and dream vision poetry--sixteen reprinted and one original: R. E. Kaske, "The Aube in Chaucer's 'Troilus'."

Schaar, Claes.   English Studies 42 (1961): 153-56.
Responds to critiques of two books previously published by the author--"Some Types of Narrative in Chaucer's Poetry" (1954) and "The Golden Mirror: Studies on Chaucer's Descriptive Technique and Its Literary Background" (1955)--seeking to clarify…

Presron, Raymond.   Notes and Queries 206 (1961): 7-8.
Offers information about "medieval papal denunciations of anti-semitism" and how they can be seen to indict the Prioress, especially PrT 7.684-87, particularly because "Chaucer's references to the Hebrew people," outside PrT, "are not at all…

Owen, Charles A.   Modern Language Notes 76 (1961): 392-97.
Offers surmises and suggestions about the number of GP pilgrims, professional groupings of them, and a two-stage "development" of GP--an early set of fourteen descriptions written ca. 1387-88 and a later revision, ca. 1396, that reflects plans for…

Owen, Charles A., ed.   Boston: Heath, 1961.
An anthology of criticism, with a brief introduction (pp. vii-ix) that characterizes CT as "unique" because "no other work so fragmentary creates such an illusion of completeness." The volume reprints essays and excerpts by twenty-one writers,…

Olson, Paul A.   Texas Studies in Literature and Language 3 (1961): 259-63.
Explores the Merchant's "animus toward Italians or, at least, toward Lombards from Pavia" in his characterization of January. Responding to the Clerk's view of Lombards, the Merchant reflects late-medieval English malice against Italian commercial…

Olson, Paul A.   ELH 28 (1961): 203-14.
Argues that in MerT "January's love of May reflects, in heightened colors," the Merchant's own "commercial love of the world's goods." Explores the possessive nature of January's love of May, focusing on the Merchant's metaphors and references to…

McNamara, Leo F.   Papers of the Michigan Academy of Science, Arts and Letters 46 (1961): 231-37.
Rejects the "drunkenness hypothesis" as a way of explaining the Pardoner's character, arguing that pride and "counterfeit humility" underlie the characterization and that the "[s]uspicion, aversion, and contempt" of the pilgrim audience toward him…

McCall, John P.   Modern Language Notes 76.3 (1961): 201-05.
Argues that Chaucer's references to May third, assigned in Ovidian tradition to "the goddess Flora and her celebrations," is a day on which the "force of love is especially and powerfully felt," and therefore "a suitable day for Pandare [TC 2.56],…

MacQueen, John.   Review of English Studies 12, no. 46 (1961): 117-31.
Explores the Boethian themes, imagery, and conventions of the "Kingis Quair," and comments on similarities and differences between its uses of these devices and those in BD, PF, TC, and KnT.

Utley, Francis Lee.   MacEdward Leach, ed. Studies in Medieval Literature in Honor of Albert Croll Baugh (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1961), pp. 109-36.
Anatomizes and analyzes "some eighty-three scenes" in TC that "reveal" in the poem "the role of dialogue, the role of visual scene and image, the role of structural contrast, and the role of tempo and movement" and create "skillful ordering" and…
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