Browse Items (14245 total)

Baragona, Alan.   Baragona's Literary Resources.
Provides links to online samples of Chaucer's works, "read by professors" and intended to "help students improve their pronunciation of Chaucer's Middle English." Includes passages from CT, TC, and other works. Formerly hosted at Virginia Military…

British Library.   London: British Library, n.d.
Four connected webpages that introduce Chaucer's language by focusing on the pronunciation and vocabulary of the GP descriptions of the Cook and Shipman, with an audio link, an image from Caxton's first edition, and exercises in vocabulary…

British Library.   London: British Library, n.d.
Digital reproduction of William Caxton's two editions of CT that enables onscreen comparison of them, with links to background information on Caxton and print history.

Delahoyde, Michael.   [Pullman]: Washington State University, n.d.
Pedagogical website that focuses on CT but includes internal links to descriptions of Chaucer's other works and to background information. Individual webpages provide descriptions of the Tales that comment on themes and critical issues, accompanied…

Wilks, Michael.   Bulletin of the John Rylands University Library of Manchester 44 (1962): 489-530.
Traces in biblical, classical, and political sources the development of the idea that the Pope and other rulers gain sovereignty through "mystical marriage" to their respective institutions, arguing that WBT "bears a striking similarity to [this]…

Kökeritz, Helge.   New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1961.
Introduces pronunciation of Chaucer's English, offering a series of general rules, explained in relationship to Modern English, both "British and American" and designed for "teachers and students." Also includes transcriptions of nine passages in…

Coghill, Nevill.   D. S. Brewer, ed. Chaucer and Chaucerians: Critical Studies in Middle English Literature (University: University of Alabama Press; London: Nelson, 1966), pp. 114-39.
Describes Chaucer's rhetoric and style in CT, exploring his orchestration of narrative economy, climax, pace (especially in relation to rhyme and meter), and verisimilitude, Identifies "flaws" in SumT and PhyT, and admires the symbolic…

Coghill, Nevill.   London and New York: Published for the British Council and the National Book League by Longmans, Green, 1956.
Influential biographical discussion of Chaucer as the "first poet" of England "in the high culture of Europe," and the "most courteous to those who read or listen to him." Considers Chaucer's individual works in light of his life, medieval literary…

Cooney, Barbara.   New York: Thomas Y. Crowell, 1958. Rpt. New York: HarperCollins, 1986. Reissued with new cover illustration New York: HarperTrophy, 1989.
NPT, adapted and illustrated for juvenile audience.

Hodgson, Phyllis, ed.   [London]: University of London. Athlone Press, 1973.
Textbook edition of FranPT and the GP description of the Franklin, with text in Middle English, notes and glossary, and discussion of the Franklin's character, possible sources of FranT, and Chaucer's "inventiveness." Includes several appendixes:…

Brewer, D. S., ed.   London: Thomas Nelson and Sons, 1960.
An edition of PF with scholarly notes and glossary. The introduction considers matters of date, genre, theme, sources, social context, rhetoric, meter, and textual matters. Re-issued in 1972 by Manchester University Press and by Barnes & Noble.

McCollum, John I. Jr.   Natalie Grimes Lawrence and Jack A. Reynolds, eds. A Chaucerian Puzzle and Other Medieval Essays (Coral Gables, FL: University of Miami Press, 1961), pp. 71-85.
Summarizes and comments on HF, with particular attention to previous scholarly opinions, unity and structural balance, whether or not the dreamer learns anything, the nature of the man of great authority, and the possibility that the poem is "a…

Sullivan, Helen.   Natalie Grimes Lawrence and Jack A. Reynolds, eds. A Chaucerian Puzzle and Other Medieval Essays (Coral Gables, FL: University of Miami Press, 1961), pp. 1-46.
Challenges the theory that ShT was originally intended to be narrated by the Wife of Bath, and suggests a major emendation: moving lines 7.5-19 (which include first-person feminine pronouns) later in the tale and having them spoken by the merchant's…

Baker, Donald C.   Journal of English and Germanic Philology 60 (1961): 59-64.
Focuses on Chaucer's selection and arrangement of exempla drawn from Jerome's "Adversus Jovinianum" to argue that Dorigen's complaint (4.1367-456) is a "carefully shaped and molded passage of rhetoric designed to illuminate the character of Dorigen,…

Baker, Donald C.   Speculum 36 (1961): 282-87.
Describes medieval coins referred to in Chaucer and other Middle English literature, particularly the florin, noble, 'écu' or shield, 'mouton d'or,' and ducat. Comments on the designs, values, and usage of these coins and corrects several…

Baker, Donald C.   South Central Bulletin 21.4 (1961): 33-36.
Suggests that "traditions of witchcraft" are "the source of some of the language and . . . part of the motivation of the dispute" between the Friar and the Summoner, adducing late-medieval associations of friars and sorcery and the Summoner's diction…

Bass, Eben.   College English 23.2 (1961): 145-47.
Explores the symbolic value of the gems, their colors, and their settings (rings and brooch) in TC, discussing the moral implications referred to in medieval lapidaries.

Baugh, Albert C.   Language: Journal of the Linguistic Society of America 37 (1961): 539-43.
Offers evidence that "embosed" in BD 352-53 means that the deer "had well concealed itself in a thicket and was not easy to find" and that the meaning of "double worstede" (Friar's cloak; GP 1.262) is worsted fabric of "considerable width."

Baugh, Albert C., and E. T. Donaldson.   Modern Language Notes 76 (1961): 1-5.
Challenges L. G. Evans' suggestion that TC 4.1585 alludes to Matthew 10.39 (MLN, vol. 74), Baugh arguing that the phrasing is the same as in a common proverb, and Donaldson that the emendation underlying Evans' suggestion ("lyf" for "lief") is…

Baum, Paul F.   Durham, N.J.: Duke University Press, 1961
Describes Chaucer's metrical line as a "series of five iambs" and the beginning of "modern English verse," and provides examples from across Chaucer's corpus of dominant practices, variations in feet and line-lengths, rhyme patterns, and stanzas.…

Beichner, Paul E.   Modern Language Quarterly 22 (1961): 367-76.
Describes how the quarrel between the Friar and Summoner in WBP sets up the vituperative exchange of FrT and SumT, commenting on audience expectations and the motives and techniques of the two narrators, but focusing particularly on the cleverness of…

Beichner, Paul E.   Speculum 36 (1961): 302-07.
Assesses previous explanations of the "greyn" placed on the clergeon's tongue in PrT (7.662ff.), including comments on analogues, and suggests that it is best understood as a "grain of paradise," i.e., the seed capsule of Aframomum melegueta…

Benson L[arry] D.   English Studies 42 (1961): 65-77.
Explores the "stylistic rationale" for Chaucer's uses of the historical present tense, identifying the fundamental "connotation of continuing action" of the grammatical form, and assessing its rhetorical, semantic, and tonal effects in various…

Bevington, David M.   Speculum 36 (1961): 288-98.
Explores the unity of HF evident in the "evolution of the narrator, Geffrey," arguing that the poem "is essentially a humorous and all-embracing review of man's frantic quest for fame, learning, and love" that follows the educating of [a] drudging…

Bonjour, Adrien.   Essays in Criticism 11 (1961): 121-27.
Interprets details of FrT in light of contemporaneous social commentaries to clarify nuances of irony, sarcasm, and criticism of the Summoner.
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