Wood, Chauncey Derby.
Dissertation Abstracts International 25.05 (1964): A2970.
Describes medieval understanding of astrology and examines the "technical side of astrological passages in Chaucer" as well as their "meanings . . . in their poetic contexts. Includes discussion of FranT, Mars, GP, MilT, WBP, MerT, MLT, and ParsP.
Wilson, William S.
Quarterly Journal of Speech 50 (1964): 153-58.
Shows that the diction, style, and substance of the Eagle's disquisition on sound in HF (606-863) illustrate the "techniques of Ciceronian persuasive rhetoric on a relevant science, the physics of sound," part of the poem's unifying concern with the…
Argues that the KnT is "especially suitable for the beginning of the pilgrimage" in CT because it "presents the continual subversion of noble efforts to bring order out of disorder" and because, in comparison with its sources," it poses a "pagan…
Watson, Charles S.
Studies in Short Fiction 1 (1964): 277-88.
Regards MkT and NPT as "Chaucer's highest literary achievement in the construction of pairs of tales," arguing that the faults of the MkT are "redeemed" by juxtaposition with the "brilliant" NPT insofar as the pair pose several "arresting contrasts":…
Review of English Studies 15 (1964): 262-67.
Argues that Thomas Wyatt's ballade "If thou wilt mighty be" translates directly from Boethius's "Consolation of Philosophy," unmediated by Chaucer's Bo; his use of the ballade form, however, may have been inspired by Chaucer's Truth. Compares and…
Sternberg, Irma Ottenheimer.
Dissertation Abstracts International 25.12 (1964): A5392.
Argues that MLT is neither saints' legend nor romance, but that its "heroic theme, setting, and characters suggest strongly that . . . it belongs to the literary genre of epic and to the sociological genre of myth."
College English 26.3 (1964): 187-91.
Compares the knight's decision in the marriage bed of WBT to that of the analogous one in the more mythic "Marriage of Sir Gawain," arguing that in the context of Chaucer's relatively realistic Tale, the decision to return the choice to the loathly…
Southworth, James G.
College English 26.3 (1964) 173-79.
Critiques the editorial practice of "smoothing" Chaucer's verse to produce iambic pentameter rhythms by adjustments to final-"e," and advocates following medieval scribal practice of using the "'punctus elevatus'—the medial mark" to indicate the…
Sommer, George Joseph.
Dissertation Abstracts International 25.09 (1964): A3732-33.
Examines the "compassion" of the narrator of TC as his dominant attitude, "paradoxically allied" to his "helplessness" before "inexorable fate," and modified by his didactic intent, "historical perspective," and "ironic detachment."
Saito, Mother Masako, R.S.C.J.
Dissertation Abstracts International 25.03 (1964): A1897.
Explores the archetypal imagery of bondage and liberation from bondage in five "clusters" in CT: chivalric prison, animal confinement, "juridical bondage with its emphasis on 'wit,' entrapment, and hell and purgatory.
Rumble, T. C.
Philological Quarterly 43 (1964): 130-33.
Interprets "chiere" of KnT 1.2683 as "frame of mind" or "state of feeling," and maintains that this obviates the question of the whether or not the preceding two lines on the fickleness of women are spurious.
Dissertation Abstracts International 25.08 (1964): 3327A.
Organizes the narratorial passages of TC into six groups, and examines them in light of this classification: occupation, courtly love, humor, characterization, Boethian philosophy, and "medievalization," finding that the narrator is most important to…
Ramsey, Roy Vance.
Dissertation Abstracts International 25.06 (1964): 3557A.
Assesses the opposition between idealized women and overt antifeminism in Christianity, Neoplatonism, and western literary tradition, using it as background to argue that Chaucer maintained in CT a successful "tension of opposing viewpoints," even…
Peck, Russell Albert.
Dissertation Abstracts International 25.07 (1964): 2894-95A.
Describes the "metaphysical associations" that numbers had in medieval imagination, and explores Chaucer's uses of number symbolism in his verse forms, the dates and astronomical calculations within his works, numbers associated with his characters,…
Murphy, James J.
Review of English Studies 15, no. 57 (1964): 1-20.
Surveys the "status of rhetoric in England" during Chaucer's lifetime, documenting the "ubiquity of grammatical texts and the paucity of rhetorical texts." Tabulates Chaucer's uses of the terminology of rhetoric and style, analyzes his usage of these…
Modern Language Quarterly 25 (1964): 66-75.
Focuses on the characterization of the Knight in GP, cast into relief by the Squire and Prioress, especially in the application of words such as "curteys" and "worthy." Distinguishes between moral virtue and professional efficiency throughout the GP,…
Dissertation Abstracts International 25.05 (1964): 2983-84A.
Analyzes the rhetoric of Pandarus's speeches in TC, exploring how they align with Chaucer's changes to Boccaccio's Pandaro and how they reflect the emphases and concerns of medieval rhetoricians. Explores the different techniques of persuasion…
Accepts that the first eighty-eight lines of WBP are a late addition, and argues that they reflect comic awareness of the unorthodox movement, the Brotherhood of the Free Spirit, echoing its valorization of sexual activity and multiple marriages,…
College English 26 (1964): 180-87.
Argues that the main characters of ClT "have Oedipal fixations": Griselda, a masochistic form that correlates with "an incestuous quality in her relationship with her father," and Walter, a sadistic version that reverberates with the Cupid/Psyche…
Joselyn, M., O. S. B.
College English 25 (1964): 566-71.
Uses principles of Kenneth Burke's rhetoric of form to analyze NPT, commenting on aspects of its progressions (syllogistic, inverted, and repetitive), aspects of its genre conventions, and examples of its rhetorical ornamentation.
Hieatt, A, Kent, and Constance Hieatt, eds.
New York: Bantam, 1964.
Middle English text with Modern English translation, line-by-line, of GP, KnT, MilPT, WBT, MerPT, FranT, PardPT, PrPT, and NPT, with a brief glossary of names and terms and a bibliography appended. The Introduction describes Chaucer's life and the…
Explores the relationship between reality and romance in KnT, comparing the Tale's presentation of details and ideals with those found in Froissart's "Chronicle," and arguing that the Knight operates with the "assumptions of chronicle history" and…
Grennen, Joseph E.
Modern Language Quarterly 25 (1964): 131-39.
Identifies parallels between the effects of grief on the Black Knight in BD (486-512) and late-medieval medical descriptions of the "falling of the heart" due to sorrow or distress, quoting parallels from John of Gaddesden and Jacopo Berengario Da…
Grennen, Joseph E.
Journal of the History of Ideas 25 (1964): 279-84.
Identifies details of the characterization of the Canon and his Yeoman in CYP that derive from alchemical practice and materials, including the Canon's "distillation" (perspiration) and "mercurial" personality and his Yeoman's transformation and…