Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1968.
Defends the artistic qualities of Thomas Hoccleve as a poet, acknowledging his medieval conventionality, but emphasizing his originality in adapting conventions and source material, the competence of his meter, and the autobiographical elements of…
Describes Chaucer's life and works, with an introduction to historical backgrounds, a chronology of events, a summary of critical reception, a bibliography for further reading, and an index. The biography emphasizes dates and events, and the survey…
Summarizes each of the "comic" tales of CT, with appreciative, inferential, scene-by-scene commentary on techniques of characterization, situations, and enlivening details that make the Tales "amusing." Essentially farcical, the action of MilT…
Corsa, Helen Storm.
Notre Dame, Ind.: University of Notre Dame Press, 1964.
Describes how Chaucer's "mirth reveals his moral premises" and conveys joy throughout his poetic corpus, explaining how the early dream poems, in varying degrees, communicate the progress of the comic narrators toward greater moral and philosophic…
Wilson, William S.
English Language Notes 1.4 (1964): 244-48.
Reads Chaucer's summary of Virgil's "Aeneid" in Book 1 of HF as comic—a parody of several practices of "exegetical grammar," including translation, "dictiones ethicae" (soliloquies), paraphrase, and moral interpretation. The purpose of the parody…
Reproduces in black and white the London National Portrait Gallery panel portrait of Chaucer (p. 2), preceded by a brief comment on Chaucer's life, with reference to William Dunbar's praise of him, mention of the TC frontispiece portrait (Cambridge,…
Test, George A.
American Notes and Queries 2.5 (1964): 67-68.
Adduces the testimony of modern archer, Robert P. Elmer, corroborating that peacock feathers are high quality material for fletching, and a notion thought to underlie Chaucer's reference in the GP description of the Yeoman (1.104).
Severs, J. Burke.
Explicator 23.3 (1964): item 20.
Comments on the uses of "master" and "Rabbi" in SumT 3.2184-88 as a means to convey the hypocrisy of the Summoner's friar (along with Chaucer's Friar in GP 1.261). The references are rooted in the biblical source, Matthew 23:5-11.
Scott, Florence R.
English Language Notes 2.2 (1964): 81-87.
Describes the involvement of Thomas Chaucer and Thomas Swynford in matters related to the deposition and death of Richard II, suggesting that they help to account for the tone and perspective in Purse (especially the Envoy) and Henry's swift and…
Notes and Queries 209 (1964): 48-49.
Argues that Chaucer's references to a swallow in Alison's song (MilT 1. 3257-58) and to a dove in the Pardoner's claim about preaching (PardP 6.397) are suggestive, and may well derive from his familiarity with the two birds.
English Language Notes 2.1 (1964): 6-8.
Exploring the "bukke and hare" of Th 7.756 for their "traditional attributes" rather than as suggestive game animals, documents that their associations with timidity and, reading "bukke" as "goat rather than "male deer," sexual pursuit.
American Notes and Queries 03 (1964)
Explores anatomical and associative parallels between Alison of MilT and the weasel, an animal to which she is likened via simile (1.3234); maintains that the connections lend symbolic depth to the characterization.
Reid, T. B. W.
Notes and Queries 209 (1964): 373-74.
Argues that an analogue (perhaps source) of Chaucer's image of a coin-shaped ("farthing") spot of grease in his GP description of the Prioress (1.134) is "Clef d'amors," line 3236. The play in the French may derive from a punning echo of "speck" and…
Pound, Ezra, and Marcella Spann, eds.
New York: New Directions, 1964.
Includes selections from GP (1-27, 118-26 and 150-62 [Prioress], 165-66 and 177-87 [Monk], 270-75 [Merchant], and 309-22 [Sergeant at Law]), MerB, and the "Roundel" from PF. In Middle English, without notes or glosses.
Park, B. A.
English Language Notes 1.3 (1964): 167-75.
Absolves the Merchant of the illegal practices, usurious dealings, and insolvency previously inferred by critics, providing historical information and examples that indicate that the GP description portrays a skilled practitioner who "gives a public…
Includes a chronology of Chaucer's life and works, a discursive "Sketch of His Life and Times," a description of his language, summaries and commentaries on all of CT (in Ellesmere order), a list of the pilgrims with brief characterizations,…
Mullany, Peter F.
American Notes and Queries 3.4 (1964): 54-55.
Suggests that the assigning of "Pilates voys" to the Miller (MilP 1.3124) may be due in part to the apocryphal notion that Pilate was the son of a miller's daughter, as recorded in the "Legenda Aurea."
Notes and Queries 209 (1964): 165-66.
Cites Roger Bacon's "Tractatus brevis . . . in libro Secreti Secretorum Aristotilis" as possible justification for emending "convers" to "convex" in the reference to the eighth sphere in TC 5.1910, despite the lack of textual support.
Huppé, Bernard F.
Albany: State University of New York, 1964.
Reads CT as a thematic engagement with the need for humans to pursue spiritual pilgrimage, considering allegorical and symbolic imagery and focusing on charity, "caritas," and contempt for engagement with the world ("contemptus mundi"). Explores…